Gasabo District

Gasabo District is one of the three Districts of City of Kigali, with 15 sectors, 73 cells and 481 villages (Imidugudu).

Administratives boundaries

It is in the North East of Kigali City and bordered by Kicukiro district (South), Nyarugenge (West South), Rwamagana (East South), Rulindo (North West) and Gicumbi (North East). The district’s landscape or surface area is 429.2 km2 of which a big portion is rural (84%) while the small portion represents the developed urban area (16%). It has 15 sectors which are Bumbogo, Gatsata, Gikomero, Gisozi, Jabana, Jali, Kacyiru, Kimihurura, Kimironko, Kinyinya, Ndera, Nduba, Remera, Rutunga and Rusororo.1

According to the results of the 4th population and Housing census (2012) indicated that Gasabo district has a population of 529,561 representing 46.8% among them male represent 51.7% and female 48.3% of the total population for Kigali City (1,132,686 population) and 5% of the total national population (10,515,973). This population is distributed into urban and rural represented by 69% and 31% respectively. The average age of population is 25.5 years. 2
According to EICV 5 (2017), 73.7% of  households headed by Male and 22.1% of households headed by Female in Gasabo district whereas at national level 68.6% of  households headed by Male and   25% of households headed by Female. The following data showed the situation of three district of City of Kigali and at national level.

Topography and Climate
Gasabo district is characterized by the mixture of high mountains with average altitude of 1,800m mainly located in the rural zone, sloping basins and valleys. The district has over 30 wetlands and small rivers traversing through the valleys. The main unique long river of about 50Km long and 1,000M wide is the one that originates from Lake Muhazi and traverses through marshy and boggy valleys before empting into the Nyabugogo River and thereafter connects to the Nyabarongo River. Also, Lake Muhanzi in the North and part in the East borders Gasabo district.  Similarly, other water sources of importance are: Sumo River in Rugende which ends in Akagera River, Buliza River that traverses through Karuruma, Umulindi and Rusine centers before empting into Nyabugogo River. These marshlands or wetlands provide potentialities to the district if well reclaimed can enhance or increase agriculture productivity, improve tourism, improve environmental ecological system as well.  

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